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NOR Flash Memory

NOR Flash Memory is a key component in the world of non-volatile memory, widely used for code storage in a range of electronic devices. Known for its reliability and fast read speeds, NOR Flash is vital for booting and executing code in embedded systems. In this category overview, we'll delve into what NOR Flash memory is, how it operates, its advantages and disadvantages, the different types available, its applications, considerations when choosing NOR Flash memory, speed, history, and the prominent manufacturers in this field.

What is NOR Flash?

NOR Flash Memory is a non-volatile memory technology that stores data as individual memory cells, each with its own dedicated read and write circuitry. NOR is an abbreviation for "Not OR," referring to the logic gates used in its design.

How Does NOR Flash Work?

NOR Flash memory uses a specific addressing scheme that allows random access to individual memory cells. This enables fast read operations, making it suitable for code storage. When data is read, electrical charges stored in memory cells are detected, revealing the stored data.

Advantages and Disadvantages of NOR Flash Memory:

Advantages:

  • Fast Read Speed: NOR Flash is renowned for its rapid read operations, making it ideal for code execution.
  • Random Access: It allows direct access to individual memory cells, making it suitable for executing code and reading data.
  • Reliability: NOR Flash memory offers excellent data retention and long-term reliability.
  • Versatility: It's used for code storage in microcontrollers, BIOS chips, and other embedded systems.

Disadvantages:

  • Limited Write Speed: NOR Flash memory typically has slower write speeds compared to NAND Flash.
  • Lower Capacity: NOR Flash chips tend to have lower storage capacities.
  • Higher Cost per Bit: It can be more expensive on a per-bit basis compared to NAND Flash.

Types of NOR Flash Memory

  1. Parallel NOR Flash: Traditional NOR Flash memory that uses parallel data and address lines for communication.
  2. Serial NOR Flash: Uses serial communication interfaces like SPI and I2C, which are more compact and suitable for small devices.

Application Areas of NOR Flash Memory

  • Embedded Systems: NOR Flash is commonly used in microcontrollers and microprocessors to store boot code and firmware.
  • Bios Chips: It is often used in computer motherboards to store the BIOS (Basic Input/Output System).
  • Automotive Electronics: NOR Flash is used for code storage in automotive ECUs (Electronic Control Units).
  • Networking Equipment: Many networking devices utilize NOR Flash memory for firmware and code storage.
  • Industrial Control Systems: NOR Flash is employed in industrial control systems for program execution.

Things to Consider When Choosing NOR Flash Memory

  1. Read Speed: Assess the required read speed for your application.
  2. Capacity: Ensure the storage capacity aligns with your code or firmware storage needs.
  3. Write Endurance: Consider the number of write-erase cycles for the specific NOR Flash type.
  4. Operating Temperature: Evaluate environmental conditions if your application has specific temperature requirements.

How Fast is NOR Flash Memory?

NOR Flash memory is known for its fast read speed, with typical read access times measured in nanoseconds (ns). This quick access is essential for executing code directly from the memory.

History of NOR Flash Memory

  • NOR Flash memory technology was developed in the 1980s.
  • Intel introduced the first commercially available NOR Flash memory chip in 1988.
  • Over the years, NOR Flash memory has evolved to offer higher densities and improved performance.

Popular Brands that Manufacture NOR Flash Memory

  • Cypress Semiconductor: Cypress is a prominent manufacturer of NOR Flash memory solutions for various applications.
  • Spansion (now part of Cypress): Spansion was a major player in NOR Flash memory before merging with Cypress.
  • Winbond Electronics: Winbond offers a range of NOR Flash memory products optimized for code storage.

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SST25VF010A-33-4I-SAE
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SST25VF010A-33-4I-SAE
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SST25VF010A-33-4I-SAE
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Microchip
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SST25VF016B-50-4C-S2AF
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SST25VF016B-50-4C-S2AF
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Microchip
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SST25VF016B-50-4I-S2AF
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SST25VF016B-50-4I-S2AF
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Microchip
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SST25VF016B-50-4I-S2AF-T
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SST25VF016B-50-4I-S2AF-T
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Microchip
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SST25VF020B-80-4I-SAE
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SST25VF020B-80-4I-SAE
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Microchip
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SST25VF040B-50-4I-SAE
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SST25VF040B-50-4I-SAE
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Microchip
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SST25VF040B-50-4I-SAF
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SST25VF040B-50-4I-SAF
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Microchip
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SST25VF080B-50-4I-S2AE
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SST25VF080B-50-4I-S2AE
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Microchip
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SST25VF080B-50-4I-S2AF-T
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SST25VF080B-50-4I-S2AF-T
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Microchip
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SST26VF016B-104I/SN
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SST26VF016B-104I/SN
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Microchip
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SST26VF032BT-104I/SM
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SST26VF032BT-104I/SM
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Microchip
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SST26VF064B-104I/MF
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SST26VF064B-104I/MF
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Microchip
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SST26VF064B-104V/SM
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SST26VF064B-104V/SM
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Microchip
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SST39SF010A-55-4I-NHE-T
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SST39SF010A-55-4I-NHE-T
Manufacturer:
Microchip
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SST39SF010A-70-4C-NHE
Manufacturer Part Number:
SST39SF010A-70-4C-NHE
Manufacturer:
Microchip
Datasheet
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